Shared By Susan Rutherford
These cannabinoids are part of the chemical make up of the cannabis plant, along with other cannabinoids and many other chemical compounds.
How they work in our body and what conditions they treat are the subject of research.
As the science surrounding the cannabis plant evolves, scientists and researchers are discovering more and more that creating cannabis strains for different levels of medicinal compounds-including cannabinoids, terpenoids and many other phytonutrients not yet discovered, makes the medicine better for treating specific diseases and conditions. Growers, and their patients using the strains, are working on tailoring their strains to be effective in the treatment of diseases such as cancer, multiple sclerosis and epilepsy to name a few. What are the different cannabinoids and how do they act upon disease in our bodies?
Researchers have identified 483 different chemical compounds in cannabis. At this time, we do not know what all the medicinal effects are. Most of the research has focused on a few of these cannabinoids and their effect inside our bodies. Let’s examine them.
What it is: THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) is the most well known of the cannabinoids; it’s the one that gets you “high”. It is created when raw cannabis is dried and heated, such as smoking it, vaporizing it, cooking it or extracting it with heat. THC binds to the cannabinoid receptors in the central nervous system and the immune system. The effect creates relaxation, reduces pain and increases appetite.
What conditions it treats: THC has been found to have medicinal components beneficial in the treatment of many medical conditions, including, but not limited to the following: ALS (Lou Gehrig’s disease), Alzheimer’s, anxiety, arthritis, chemotherapy side effects, Crohn’s Disease, chronic pain, fibromyalgia, HIV-related peripheral neuropathy, Huntington’s Disease, incontinence, insomnia, multiple sclerosis, pruritus, sleep apnea and Tourette Syndrome. THC has also been shown to kill cancer!
What it is: THCA (tetrahydrocannibinolic acid) is abundant in raw cannabis. THCA is not psychoactive. A growing number of patients are finding benefit in juicing raw cannabis. Dr. William Courtney of Mendocino county believes THCA has medicinal properties that are lost when the plant is decarboxylated through drying and application of heat. He believes THCA can be metabolized in much larger doses than THC, making it more effective.
What conditions it treats: THCA seems to help with chronic immune-system disorders. Dr. Courtney’s wife, Kristen Peskuski, has Chronic Lupus. She found juicing cannabis to be the only effective treatment for her condition. Prior to juicing cannabis, she had been on over forty medications and suffered horrible side effects from these pharmaceutical drugs. Read more about juicing cannabis here.
What it is: (cannabidiol) is one of the other major medicinal compounds now identified, and interest in its effects is outpacing THC. CBD is not psychoactive.
What conditions it treats: CBD has been shown to effective in treating many conditions, including, but not limited to the following: acne, ADD, anxiety, arthritis, chronic pain, depression, diabetes, Dravet syndrome, epilepsy, glaucoma, Huntington’s Disease, multiple sclerosis, neuropathic pain, Parkinson’s and schizophrenia. CBD has also been shown to kill cancel cells.
What it is: CBN (cannabinol) forms when THC is exposed to light and oxygen. It is mildly psychoactive.. It appears to increase the effectiveness of THC.
What conditions it treats: CBN has been shown to help with the following: as a sleep aid, slows inflammation, helps control pain, suppresses muscle spasms and convulsions and fights free radicals in the blood stream. It is part of the cannabinoid profile and as such works synergistically with the other cannabinoids.
What it is: CBC (Cannabichromene) Research done thus far has suggested that it could contribute to the anti-inflammatory and anti-viral effects of cannabis. It may also contribute to the analgesic effects of cannabis.
What conditions it treats: The British Journal of Pharmacology, in 2011 found, through a study, that CBD and CBC stimulated descending pathways of antiociception, which caused analgesia by interacting with target proteins involved in nociceptive control. CBC has been shown to be anti-fungal thereby fighting bacteria. In addition to being analgesic and anti-fungal, CBC has also been shown to be anti-inflammatory, anti-biotic, treats depression and stimulates brain growth.
As new research emerges, discovering the benefits of the vast number of other chemical compounds found in cannabis, and their respective medicinal properties, it will be very exciting. Remember the entourage effect, which is that these chemical are most effective when combined. Utilizing the whole plant gives patients benefits that may not have been identified as of yet. Separation and isolation of these individual chemical compounds, quite variably may cause loss of effectiveness and loss of important medicinal benefits. Using different strains with varying levels of these compounds can be beneficial in how they affect your particular condition. Utilizing the whole plant is the best protocol.